New year, same health: why have a check-up?

What is a medical check-up and what is it for?

O medical examination encompasses a series of clinical tests and examinations, the purpose of which is to assess the general health of the individual and to detect any undiagnosed diseases.

However, a good monitoring program does not necessarily have to include all existing tests and clinical examinations. Some studies have shown that not all tests are necessary for the entire population, as they neither reduce the number of diseases nor improve the effectiveness of their treatment.

Despite this, periodic medical observation is essential and, for this, it is important to carry out certain examinations, which should be selected according to age group, sex, personal and family history of diseases, lifestyle, among other factors related to the person.

So, before getting a checkup, you should go to your family doctor at least once a year, have a routine consultation and ask for advice on what tests and clinical examinations you really should do.

However, keep in mind that in addition to medical checkups, it is essential to have a healthy lifestyle, not to smoke, to engage in regular physical activity and to control your weight.

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Urinalysis is used to detect possible problems with the kidneys, bladder and urinary tract.

Blood pressure measurement

People without risk factors and over 18 years of age should only repeat this test every 3 to 5 years. It is a way to diagnose hypertension (high blood pressure), which can lead to many heart complications.

To prevent this problem, a healthy diet and regular physical activity are essential.

Measuring blood glucose

This test is primarily recommended for overweight people between the ages of 40 and 70. If the result indicates high blood glucose values, this may be a sign of diabetes and should be evaluated.

Cholesterol measurement

This is a test recommended for men over 40 and women over 50. A high level of LDL (“bad”) cholesterol increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. To avoid this problem, it is important to avoid eating saturated fats.


From the age of 50, women must have a mammogram every two years. This examination allows the diagnosis of breast cancer, for example, whose prognosis is better if detected early.

However, it is important to remember that women aged 20 or older should perform regular breast self-examination to detect any palpable changes.


Starting at age 21, women should have a cervicovaginal cytology (Pap smear) every 3 years.

This test can detect changes in cervical cells, cancer cells, or viral infections. Early diagnosis of uterine diseases contributes to more effective treatment of the lesions found.

Eye examination

Anyone age 40 or older with vision problems or diabetes should have a regular eye exam. Monitoring visual health reduces the risk of complications such as glaucoma or blindness.


Colonoscopy can detect lesions of the intestine and even malignant neoplasms. From the age of 45/50 years (depending on family history of colorectal cancer), this test should be performed as it allows a possible diagnosis of intestinal diseases.

Rectal examination

The prostate gland is the cause of various diseases and health problems in men, especially after a certain age. It is therefore important to monitor PSA levels and perform tests to assess the condition of the prostate. This is a way to detect certain complications early.

To this end, starting at age 45, men should have a test that helps in the early detection of prostate cancer. From the age of 50, it is advisable to perform a prostate examination.

Bone densitometry

For women over 65 years of age, for men over 70 years of age or for people who regularly suffer from bone pain, it is recommended to have this test to measure bone density and thus diagnose possible bone diseases, such as osteoporosis.

Dermatological examination

Every 5 years, a dermatological examination is recommended to diagnose any suspicious skin changes or skin cancer at an early stage.

Hearing Screening

Hearing loss is a recurring problem after a certain age. Hearing screening should therefore be performed every 3 years after the age of 40.

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

People over the age of 40, smokers, people with high blood pressure, heart disease or diabetes should have an electrocardiogram every two years to assess the condition of their heart.

These are some of the key tests to include in a health checkup, which may or may not be recommended depending on the individual’s characteristics.

It should be remembered that people with chronic diseases require more regular monitoring of their health status, and may be subjected to more specific tests to monitor the course and progression of their disease.

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Disclaimer: We are not associated with the MyAARPMedicare orĀ MyAARPMedicare.