Tag: common diseases

Insomnia – what to do to alleviate this problem

There are two types of insomnia depending on their cause. Chronic primary insomnia and insomnia resulting from poor sleep hygiene, depression or a generalized anxiety disorder. Primary insomnia can be defined as dyssomnia characterized by difficulty initiating and/or maintaining sleep and/or not having sufficiently restful sleep, with changes in...

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Low platelet count: what does it mean?

Low platelet count: causes, symptoms and treatments Thrombocytopenia, or low platelet count, is a condition that can be a sign of several diseases or problems. Platelets are cells or cell fragments from the marrow, also called megakaryocytes, that circulate in the blood. They contribute to blood clotting, which means preventing bleeding and blood...

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know what it is and how it can be treated

A sciatica or sciatica is pain affecting the sciatic or ischiatic nerve (the longest nerve in the body, extending from the lumbar spine to the feet). In general, this discomfort is due to inflammation or compression of the nerve roots, which are present in the lower lumbar region. The main cause results from an intervertebral disc herniation that...

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Cervical cancer: symptoms, causes and treatment

Cervical cancer is a worrying problem in Portugal, where it is higher than in the vast majority of other European countries. Moreover, in Europe, it is the eighth most frequent neoplasm in women. This type of cancer develops in the cervix, which is the area where the uterus enters from the vagina. It mainly affects sexually active women between...

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How to overcome constipation and maintain a healthy bowel movement?

A constipation is a frequently occurring bowel disorder with no apparent cause, which may be due to several factors simultaneously. Also known as constipation, constipation is characterized by partial or complete blockage of the bowel, resulting in straining to defecate, low frequency of defecation, hard stools, or apparently incomplete defecation. The...

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What is lupus and how is it treated?

O Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease, autoimmune in nature, that can affect the skin, joints, kidneys, lungs, nervous system and several other organs. The cause of lupus is an inadequate reaction of the immune system, whose antibodies produced, instead of fighting the disease, will attack the cells of the body’s...

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learn about this chronic intestinal disease

Crohn’s disease: everything you need to know A Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the digestive tract. However, it usually affects the terminal part of the small intestine (ileum) and the large intestine (colon). This inflammation can reach the entire thickness of the intestinal wall and...

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What is Bell’s palsy?

A Bell’s palsy refers to a paralysis affecting the facial nerve or peripheral region of the face. As a result, the person is temporarily unable to move the paralyzed side of the face. Thus, the most obvious signs of this problem usually appear upon awakening and consist of a one-sided, asymmetric smile and an eye that does not close easily. At...

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everything you need to know about this infection

O measles Measles is a viral infection, characterized by red patches on the skin, fever, cough, conjunctivitis and runny nose. It is usually a mild disease, but in some cases it can be severe and even fatal. Since the measles vaccine is included in the National Vaccination Plan (PNV), the disease is currently less frequent in Portugal, although...

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